Background Another day, another ground-breaking change in Spain’s FDI rules.  November 2021 has been an eventful month for FDI in Spain.  The following two developments are likely to be consequential in the evolution of the country’s policy as regards foreign investments: (i) More than a year after the establishment of the Spanish 2020 FDI ex-ante…

There is a lot of hype about the Spanish FDI regulations introduced by a number of Royal Decrees in 2020: fines of up to the value of the deal, non-controlling acquisition of shares can potentially trigger a filing, etc. And yet, prior to 2020, Spain already had FDI provisions on the books. These pre-2020 FDI…

It has been another exciting year in Spanish Merger Control.  To the overarching importance of the pandemic, we have to add political appointments, more Phase II investigations and resort to innovative packages of remedies.   The Spanish Enforcer in Times of Pandemic In June 2020, the council of the Comisión Nacional de Mercados y de…

2019 was an eventful year in Spanish antitrust enforcement. Here is a brief overview of 2019’s major legal changes and relevant developments in relation to Competition law in Spain, as well as what to expect in 2020.        I.         New Administration On 8 January 2020, Mr Pedro Sánchez was reappointed as Spanish Prime Minister….